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Vermicelli rice noodles, a staple in various Asian cuisines, are thin, delicate strands made primarily from rice flour and water. Sometimes referred to as rice sticks, these noodles are known for their light, almost translucent appearance and their remarkable ability to absorb the flavours of the broths, sauces, and ingredients they are paired with. Originating from the diverse culinary landscapes of Asia, vermicelli rice noodles play a central role in a myriad of dishes, from the comforting bowls of Vietnamese phở to the vibrant stir-fries of Thailand and the refreshing salads of Laos and Cambodia.

Vermicelli rice noodles’ unique characteristics and their capacity to blend into a variety of culinary traditions underscore their global appeal and enduring popularity in kitchens around the world. Whether they are the backbone of a traditional Asian feast or a component of an innovative fusion dish, vermicelli rice noodles continue to captivate the palates of food enthusiasts everywhere.


The origin of vermicelli rice noodles is deeply rooted in Asian culinary history, with their use spreading across various countries and cultures throughout the continent. These noodles are believed to have originated in China, a country with a long-standing tradition of noodle-making that dates back thousands of years. Rice, being a staple grain in Asia, naturally led to the innovation of rice-based noodles among communities that cultivated it. Over time, the technique of making rice noodles spread from China to neighbouring regions, adapting to local tastes and culinary practices.

The term “vermicelli” itself is Italian, meaning “little worms,” which reflects the thin, worm-like appearance of these noodles.

However, Asian vermicelli noodles, made from rice, are distinct from the wheat-based vermicelli found in Italian cuisine. The use of the term for rice noodles likely arose from European encounters with Asian culinary traditions, illustrating the global journey of these noodles from their origins in China to kitchens and tables around the world.


Vermicelli rice noodles offer several health benefits, making them a suitable addition to a variety of diets. Their nutritional value, combined with their versatility in recipes, contributes to their popularity worldwide. Here are some of the key health benefits associated with vermicelli rice noodles:

  • Gluten-Free: For individuals with celiac disease, gluten intolerance, or those choosing to follow a gluten-free diet, vermicelli rice noodles present a great alternative to traditional pasta and noodles that are made from wheat.
  • Low Fat: Rice noodles generally contain very little fat, making them a suitable option for those looking to reduce their fat intake. This low-fat content can be particularly beneficial for heart health and weight management.
  • Easily Digestible: Due to their simple composition of rice flour and water, vermicelli rice noodles are typically easy on the digestive system. This makes them a good choice for people with sensitive stomachs or those recovering from illness.
  • Versatile in Healthy Recipes: Vermicelli rice noodles can be a component of various healthy dishes. They can be served in broth-based soups, which are hydrating and can be packed with vegetables and lean proteins, or in salads with an abundance of fresh herbs, vegetables, and a light dressing.
  • Energy Source: As a carbohydrate, rice noodles provide energy that the body needs for daily activities. They can be a good source of fuel for the body, especially when included in balanced meals that also contain protein and vegetables.
  • Sodium-Free: On their own, vermicelli rice noodles are sodium-free. This is beneficial for those monitoring their sodium intake for blood pressure management. However, it’s important to consider the sodium content in sauces and other ingredients that accompany the noodles in various dishes.

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Vermicelli rice noodles are incredibly versatile and can be used in a wide array of dishes, making them a staple in both traditional Asian kitchens and contemporary global cuisine. Their light texture and ability to absorb flavours make them an excellent choice for a variety of culinary applications:

Soups: Vermicelli rice noodles are commonly used in light, fragrant broth-based soups. They absorb the flavours of the broth while maintaining a tender texture, as seen in Vietnamese Phở and other Asian noodle soups.

Stir-Fries: These noodles can be quickly stir-fried with vegetables, meats, or seafood, along with a combination of sauces and spices. The quick cooking time helps retain the freshness of the ingredients, making dishes like Pad Thai or stir-fried vermicelli a popular choice.

Salads: Cold vermicelli rice noodles are a refreshing base for salads. They are often tossed with herbs, vegetables, and a tangy dressing, sometimes topped with grilled meats or seafood. These salads are light yet satisfying, perfect for warm weather meals.

Spring Rolls and Summer Rolls: Vermicelli rice noodles are a common filling ingredient for both fried spring rolls and fresh summer rolls. In summer rolls, they are combined with vegetables, herbs, and sometimes shrimp or pork, wrapped in rice paper.

Desserts: In some Asian cuisines, vermicelli rice noodles are also used in sweet dishes. They can be cooked in sweetened milk or coconut milk, often accompanied by fruits, to create a unique dessert experience.

Steamed Dishes: Vermicelli can be incorporated into steamed dishes, including various types of dumplings and rice rolls, where they add texture and substance.

Rice Noodle Bowls: A popular way to serve vermicelli is in a noodle bowl, layered with lettuce, herbs, cucumber, bean sprouts, and topped with grilled meats or tofu, then drizzled with a dressing or sauce. This dish highlights the noodle’s ability to pair well with a variety of flavours and textures.

Casseroles and Baked Dishes: Though less common, vermicelli rice noodles can also be used in baked dishes and casseroles, providing a gluten-free alternative to traditional pasta bakes.


RECIPE 1] Lemon Sevai (Lemon Rice Vermicelli)
RECIPE 2] Vermicelli Upma (Savory Vermicelli)
RECIPE 3] Sweet Vermicelli (Meethi Sevai)
RECIPE 4] Vermicelli Rice Noodle Salad
RECIPE 5] Chicken Vermicelli Noodle Soup
RECIPE 6] Stir-Fried Vermicelli Rice Noodles
  • Vermicelli rice noodles usually need to be soaked in hot water before cooking. This helps to soften them, making them pliable and easy to work with. Check the package for specific soaking times as they can vary depending on the brand and thickness of the noodles.
  •  If your recipe calls for boiling the noodles instead of soaking, be vigilant. Vermicelli rice noodles cook very quickly (often in just a couple of minutes) and can become mushy if left in boiling water for too long. It’s best to taste-test them frequently and drain as soon as they’re tender but still have a slight bite.
  • After rinsing, let the noodles sit in a colander to drain off any excess water. Excess moisture can dilute flavours and make stir-fries soggy. You can also gently pat them dry with a kitchen towel if needed.

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Vermicelli rice noodles are a versatile and essential ingredient in many Asian cuisines, celebrated for their delicate texture and ability to absorb flavours. They serve as a foundation for a plethora of dishes, ranging from light and refreshing salads and spring rolls to hearty stir-fries and soups. The key to mastering dishes with vermicelli rice noodles lies in proper preparation—soaking or boiling them just right to achieve the perfect texture, and incorporating them into recipes with a mindful balance of flavours and ingredients. When handled correctly, vermicelli rice noodles can elevate a simple meal into a memorable dining experience, offering a delightful way to explore the rich culinary traditions of Asia. Whether you’re a seasoned chef or a home cook looking to expand your culinary repertoire, incorporating vermicelli rice noodles into your dishes is a journey worth taking, promising both versatility in the kitchen and enjoyment at the table.

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About the author

Dr. Kaviraj Khialani – celebrity master chef - is a Mumbai-based author, writer, academician, food –health-lifestyle coach, mentor & consultant.
He is specialized in over 33 International Cuisines & has worked with brands like the Taj Group of Hotels, Kuwait Airways to name a few. Chef Kaviraj has been awarded several Global and National Awards for his outstanding performance and achievements in his chosen field. He has been featured on Star Plus and Colors Television on several food shows as well.

Dr. Kaviraj Khialani

Dr. Kaviraj Khialani – celebrity master chef - is a Mumbai-based author, writer, academician, food –health-lifestyle coach, mentor & consultant. He is specialized in over 33 International Cuisines & has worked with brands like the Taj Group of Hotels, Kuwait Airways to name a few. Chef Kaviraj has been awarded several Global and National Awards for his outstanding performance and achievements in his chosen field. He has been featured on Star Plus and Colors Television on several food shows as well.


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