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National Exit Test (NExT) – A Significant Step To Reform Medical Education In India


The National Exit Test (NExT) is a medical licensure exam in India that will be conducted by the National Medical Commission (NMC). It is a single-window exam that will replace the NEET-PG and FMGE exams. This exam will help to ensure that all MBBS graduates have both the knowledge and the skills necessary to practice medicine safely and effectively.

The National Medical Commission (NMC) introduced the National Exit Test (NExT) examination in Medical Education in 2024. The NMC is a statutory body that regulates medical education and medical practice in India. The NExT examination is a key step in the NMC’s reform agenda, which aims to improve the quality of medical education in India.

The NExT examination was first proposed in the NMC’s draft regulations, which were released in 2018. The draft regulations were finalized in 2019, and the NExT examination was scheduled to be held for the first time in May 2020. However, the COVID-19 pandemic forced the NMC to postpone the introduction of the NExT examination. The NExT examination is now scheduled to be held for the first time in May 2024.

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The National Exit Test (NExT) is a medical licensure exam in India that will be conducted by the National Medical Commission (NMC). It is a single-window exam that will replace the NEET-PG and FMGE exams.

The NExT will be a two-step exam :

Step 1: This will be a theory-based exam that will assess the conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills of final-year MBBS students.

Step 2: This will be a practical exam that will assess the clinical skills of final-year MBBS students.

The NEXT exam will be conducted in a computer-based mode and will be held in two sessions: morning and afternoon. The duration of the exam will be 6 hours for the theory-based exam and 4 hours for the practical exam.

The eligibility criteria for the NEXT exam include:

  • MBBS students from all Indian medical colleges approved by the National Medical Commission (NMC).
  • Foreign medical graduates who have passed the FMGE exam.
  • Other medical degree holders who have been granted provisional registration by the NMC.

The syllabus for the NEXT exam will be based on the National Medical Commission (NMC) curriculum for MBBS. The exam will cover a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, and clinical medicine.

The NExT exam is a significant step towards improving the quality of medical education in India. The exam will help to ensure that all MBBS graduates have both the knowledge and the skills necessary to practice medicine safely and effectively.

Here are some of the objectives of the NExT exam:

  • To standardize medical education in India.
  • To assess the conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills of final-year MBBS students.
  • To assess the clinical skills of final-year MBBS students.
  • To provide a single gateway to attain a license to practice medicine across India.
  • To replace the NEET PG and FMGE exams.

The NExT exam is a challenging but important exam. It is a requirement for all MBBS graduates who want to practice medicine in India. By passing the NExT exam, MBBS graduates will demonstrate their knowledge and skills and will be able to contribute to the improvement of health care in India.

But the introduction of the NExT examination could potentially lead to an increase in the coaching industry. This is because the exam is a single-window exam, which means that students will need to prepare for it in order to be eligible to practice medicine in India.

The coaching industry could benefit from this in a number of ways. First, coaching institutes would charge students more for their services, as the NExT exam is expected to be more difficult exam than the NEET-PG or FMGE exams. Secondly, coaching institutes would offer more specialized courses that focus on specific areas of the NExT exam. This could lead to more students enrolling in coaching institutes, due to the inherent fear of exams which the coaching institutes shall capitalize upon.

However, there are also some potential drawbacks to this. First, if students focus too much on preparing for the NExT exam, they may not attend their regular courses as regularly. This could lead to them falling behind in their studies and not being as prepared for the exam as they could be. Second, if the coaching industry becomes too commercialized, it could lead to students being taken advantage of. Coaching institutes could charge exorbitant fees for their services, by making false promises to the students about their chances of passing the exam.

Overall, the introduction of the NExT examination could have a positive or negative impact on the coaching industry. It is important to monitor the situation closely to ensure that students are not being taken advantage of and that they are receiving a quality education.

Here are some of the ways to mitigate the negative impacts of the NExT examination on the coaching industry:

  • The government could regulate the coaching industry.
  • The government could work with medical colleges to ensure that students are still receiving a quality education, even if they are spending more time preparing for the NExT examination.

It is important to note that these are just some of the potential impacts of the NExT examination on the coaching industry. The actual impact on NExT will depend on a number of factors, including the way the exam is conducted and scored. The NExT will help to ensure that all medical graduates in India have the requisite knowledge and skills to practice medicine safely and effectively.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are of the author solely. TheRise.co.in neither endorses nor is responsible for them. Reproducing this content without permission is prohibited.

About the author

Prof. Ashok Kumar is former Vice-Chancellor of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya University, Gorakhpur (U.P.) & CSJM University, Kanpur, (U.P.), Nirwan University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, and Shri Kallaji Vedic University, Nimbahera, Rajasthan. He is President of the Social Research Foundation, International Society of Life Sciences.


Ashok Kumar

Prof. Ashok Kumar is former Vice-Chancellor of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya University, Gorakhpur (U.P.) & CSJM University, Kanpur, (U.P.), Nirwan University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, and Shri Kallaji Vedic University, Nimbahera, Rajasthan. He is President of the Social Research Foundation, International Society of Life Sciences.

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